G. Akbar, T. N. Khan and M. Arshad, “Cholistan Desert,” Pakistan Rangelands, Vol. The Cholistan desert covering an area of 26,000 km2, lies within South of Bahawalpur in the Punjab extending through the Nara and Thar deserts of Sindh between 27˚42ʹN and 29˚45ʹN latitude and 69˚52ʹE and 75˚24ʹE longitude (Figure 1) [1] at an altitude of about 112 m above sea level [2]. Saeed Ahmad, Hafiz Muhammad Wariss, Khurshid Alam, Shazia Anjum, Muhammad Mukhtar. Graphical respresntastion of life cycle of plant species of Cholistan desert. The families with 4 species are Boraginaceae, Convolvulaceae, Cucurbitaceae, Euphorbiaceae and Mimosaceae. List of plant species of Cholistan desert. Graphical respresntastion of life cycle of plant species of Cholistan desert. I. Ali, M. S. Chaudhary and U. Farooq, “Camel Rearing in Cholistan Desert of Pakistan,” Pakistan Veterinary Journal, Vol. Copyright © 2013 Hafiz Muhammad Wariss et al. 3, 2008, pp. The second source of water is underground water at the depth of 30 to 90 m. It is brackish and not fit for drinking and agriculture because it contains total dissolved salts about 9000 - 27,000 ppm mg/L [11]. 267-274. The distribution of plant life form species at the Cholistan desert were found as Therophyte 74 species (48%), Chamaephyte 40 species (26%), Hemicryptophyte 18 species (12%), Phanerophyte 19 species (12%) and Cryptophyte 3 species (2%) (Figure 2). 42, No. 763-784. R. R. Rigamoto and A. P. Tyagi, “Biodiversity of the Coastal Littoral Vegetation of Rotuma Island, Fiji,” International Journal of Agriculture and Biology, Vol. Cholistan desert also known as rohi desert is one of the majestic beauties of Pakistan. The vegetation of this desert consists of xerophytes, adjusted to low moisture, extremely hot temperature, and … The vegetation of Cholistan desert comprises of xerophytic species adapted to wide range of severe temperature, moisture and edaphic conditions. 25-34. 17, No. The mean annual rainfall varies between 100 mm to 250 mm. Information regarding 35 plant species was collected. 5, No. 312-317. 1589-1596. In stark contrast to its arid desert landscape, the desert is home Dodhla Forest, one of Pakistan’s most well-protected rainforest. 12, 1954, pp. The life span or life cycle distribution of the plant species in the study area were represented by 79 species (51%) perennials and 75 (49%) annual species (Figure 4). Native trees, shrubs, and grasses are drought tolerant. Asteraceae is present with 9 species. 3, 2012, pp. 7, No. 85-92. I & II, Old Connaught Place, Dehradun, 1987, 1991. Plant collection and extraction. 20-25. The fresh plants of F. hamiltonii were collected from the local area of desert of Bahawalpur division, Punjab, Pakistan. M. M. Balos and H. Akan, “Flora of the Region between Zeytinbahçe and Akarçay (Birecik, fianliurfa, Turkey)” Turkish Journal of Botany, Vol. According to the results, Blepharis sindica was used as galactagogue. 1, 2009, pp. Figure 3. Asclepiadaceae, Amaranthaceae and Solanaceae are represented with 5 species. Cholistan Desert has its high and low sand dunes, and also supports several varieties of plant species which provide food and refuge to animals, birds and insects. Habit-wise distribution of plant species of Cholistan Desert. This volume presents new and additional information about the physiology and ecology of halophytic plant species and saline ecosystems. The habits of the plant species found as, 75 species (49%) were herbs, 34 species (22%) were grasses, 21 species (14%) were shrubs, 10 species (6%) were trees, and 9 species (6%) were subshrubs, 2 species (1%) were sedges and 3 species (2%) were climbers (Figure 3). Figure 2. Prof Dr Shazia Anjum, Director, Cholistan Institute of Desert Studies briefed that Cholistan was a fragile ecosystem which was losing its native flora and fauna ultimately losing its potential to support migratory birds. Many plants of the Cholistan desert, including Neurada procumbens, Aerva javanica, Capparis decidua, Cleome brachycarpa, Dipterygium glaucum, … 10, 2002, pp. Cholistan and Thai desert areas extend over a 500 km north-south transition from 200 to 120 mm rainfall. ", "Wealth of medicinal plants of Cholistan desert, Pakistan". Figure 1. 1481-1488. 4, 2011, pp. 79-81. D. N. Wadia, “Geology of India,” Tata McGraw-Hill Publishing Co. Ltd., New Delhi, 1987. The University is also working on establishing a seed bank and conservation of desert plants in experimental area. 1, 2011, pp. K. M. Matthew, “Flora of Tamilnadu Carnatic,” The Rapinat Herbarium, St. Joseph’s College, Tiruchirapalli, 1981-1983, pp. 124-128. 30, No. Bunge (Family: Chenopodiaceae) in order to validate its traditional use in hepatobiliary disorders, by native people of Cholistan desert, Pakistan. Cholistan desert (arid) (Figure 1). Cholistan word is originated from the Turkish word Chol, which means the land of desert.Cholistan desert locally known as Rohi desert that surrounds near about 30 km from Bahawalpur, Punjab, Pakistan and covering an area of 26,000 km 2 which is full of resources of medicinal plants. 4, No. 979-992. 40, No. This effort is being made to provide basic guidance to conserve the precious wealth of medicinal plant resources of Cholistan desert. The pH ranges between 8.6 and 10.0 saline and saline-sodic respectively. It will be helpful and serve for the conservation and sustainable utilization of plant resources of the area. 5, No. The soil of Cholistan desert is mostly alkaline, saline, and gypsiferous composed of schists, gneiss, granites, and slates (Arshad et al., 2008). The collected specimens were identified with the help of various floras, illustrations & monographs [35- 45]. Its old civilization has van-ished mainly due to … Malvaceae, Portulaceae, Tamaricaceae and Tiliaceae are represented by 2 species. The largest family of the area is Poaceae with 34 species. Aerial parts (ethanolic extract) of Halo … Hepatoprotective studies on Haloxylon Salicornicum: a plant from Cholistan desert Aristida, Boerhavia. The dis-. Historically, the Cholistan desert was a cradle of Hakra River Civilization which flowed through the area during 1200 BC regularly and became irregular about 600 BC. 53, No. H. M. Wariss, “A Contribution to the Flora of Lal Suhanra National Park, Bahawalpur,” M.Sc. 993- 997. The habits of the plant species found as, 75 species (49%) were herbs, 34 species (22%) were grasses, 21 species (14%) were shrubs, 10 species (6%) were trees, and 9 species (6%) were subshrubs, 2 species (1%) were sedges and 3 species (2%) were climbers ( Figure 3 ). Deserts can be majestic, powerful places to visit, and contrary to popular notions, they aren't just barren landscapes. 4, 1996, pp. S. Ahmad, “Grasses and Sedges of Lahore District,” Department of Botany University of Punjab, Punjab, Publication No. The relative humidity is very low with high rate of evaporation [6]. Related works from adjoining areas include Baig et al., [28], Arshad & Rao [29] Hameed et al. The famous Marrecha breed of camel and Cholistani cattle are the backbone of the desert economy and livelihood1. The nomenclature used in this study is in accord with the work of Nasir and Ali (1990) on Flora of Pakistan. Papailionaceae and Zygophyllaceae are with 10 species. 18, No. Life form distribution of plant species of Cholisitan desert. Int j pharm phytopharm res 2020;10(2):138-47 2, 2009, pp. It will be helpful and serve for the conservation and sustainable utilization of plant resources of the study area. 1923-1931. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. Among families, 33 families belong to Dicotyledons of 79 genera and 115 species, while the 38 species of 26 genera belong to 4 families of Monocotyledons and 1 family of gymnosperms with 1 genus and 1 species. Wealth of medicinal plants of Cholistan desert, Pakistan To check the desiccation tolerance, strain was incubated at various levels of relative humidity (5, 27 and 100%) for a period of 6, 12 and 18 days. 3, 2010, pp. 176-262. 3, 2008, pp. 6, No. 2, No. S. I. Ali, “Significance of Flora with Special Reference to Pakistan,” Pakistan Journal of Botany, Vol. 8, No. Location map of the Cholistan desert. M. Arshad and G. Akbar, “Benchmark of Plant Communities of Cholistan Desert,” Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences, Vol. The soil of the Cholistan desert is very poor in having organic matters. Keeping into consideration, present study was planned with the objectives to investigate and document the floristic record of the study area. The halophytes are highly specialized plants, which have greater tolerance to salt. rhizosphere of plant growing in the Cholistan desert of Pakistan. D. Mueller-Dombois and H. Ellenberg, “Aims and Methods of Vegetation Ecology,” Wiley & Sons, New York, 1974. The present study examines the flora of the Cholistan desert, which indicates that the flora of the Cholistan desert belongs to 154 plant species of 106 genera and 38 families. 40, No. Home | About SCIRP | Sitemap | Contact Us. For the screening of antibacterial activity the arial parts of five medicinal plants, Boerrhavia diffusa (Itsit), Chorozophora plicata (Neel Kanth), Echinops echinatus (Unt-kantalo), Heliotropium europium (Gidhar tambakoo) and Tamrix aphylla (Lao), were collected from different areas of Cholistan Desert and they were identified at Cholistan Institute of Desert Studies. Table 2. Cleome, Convolvulus, Euphorbia, Fagonia, Launaea, Heliotropium, Indigofera, Tribulus and Zizyphus each were with 3 species. Cold Desert, Skardu H. Youcef, B. M. Lamine, B. Hocine, M. Rabah, L. Ali and M. B. Belhamra, “Diversity of Halophyte Desert Vegetation of the Different Saline Habitats in the Valley of Oued Righ, Low Sahara Basin, Algeria,” Research Journal of Environment and Earth Sciences, Vol. The local plants identification and introduction of an area is very important to introduce the specific species of the local area and their occurrence, growing season, finding new species and the effect of climatic conditions like drought and over-grazing on vegetation [10,15]. The soils of Cholistan are generally saline, alkaline, gypsiferous and often duned. Grant of Rs10 lac for Taunsa Press Club was also approved in the meeting besides approving the issuance of necessary funds for holding 16th Cholistan Desert Rally 2021 and Thal Desert … R. C. Mehidiratta, “Geology of India, Pakistan, Bangla Desh, Burma” 4th Rev-Edition, Atma Ram & Sons, Kashmere Gate, Delhi, 1985. 1110-1113. During field visits, 5 plants of each species have been collected, dried and mounted on standard herbarium sheets. Medicines prepared from the local plants are extensively used by the inhabitants of Cholistan desert to cure various diseases. Deserts are very much alive, and they host a wide range of fascinating plants … It is also known to be the prime wintering habitat of the wild migratory houbara bustard. American Journal of Plant Sciences Vol.4 No.12A(2013), Article ID:41273,8 pages DOI:10.4236/ajps.2013.412A1009, Floristic Composition of the Plants of the Cholistan Desert, Pakistan, Hafiz Muhammad Wariss1, Muhammad Mukhtar2, Shazia Anjum1, Ghulam Raza Bhatti3, Saeed Ahmad Pirzada1, Khurshid Alam1. Yasin G, Anwer I, Majeed I, Sabir M, Mumtaz S, Mehmood A. Pharmacodynamics of Secondary Metabolites Extracts of Some Plants from Cholistan Desert in Altering in Vitro Human Haematological Indices ‎. 29, No. K. Ahmad, Z. I. Khan, M. Ashraf, M. I. Hussain and E. H. Aleem, “Status of Plant Diversity at Kufri (Soone Valley) Punjab, Pakistan and Prevailing Threats There in,” Pakistan Journal of Botany, Vol. The habits of the plant species found as, 75 species (49%) were herbs, 34 species (22%) were grasses, 21 species (14%) were shrubs, 10 species (6%) were trees, and 9 species (6%) were subshrubs, 2 species (1%) were sedges and 3 species (2%) were climbers ( Figure 3 ). Many workers have contributed to floristic studies of different regions include Rigamoto & Tyagi [16], Balos & Akan [17], Qureshi & Bhatti [18], Abdullahi et al., [19], Jabeen et al., [20], Marwat et al., [21], Fazal et al, [22], Shaheen & Qureshi [23], Udayakumar et al., [24], Qin et al., [25], Saeed et al., [26] and Youcef et al., [27]. Following the Raunkier ’ s method wintering habitat of the area is Poaceae with 34 species followed Papilionaceae... 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